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4. Secret Societies (4.2-4.2.2)

4.2    Knights of the Cross

According to Feudal Monarchy in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem during the Crusader era, "three great religio-military Orders, the Templars, Hospitaliers, and Teutonic Knights were the military mainstay of the kingdom; they supplied knights, sergeants, and in some instances ships."

The Templar- and the Hospitaliers Knights came first and established themselves as the main protectors and supporters of Christians in the areas. The Teutonic Knights arrived later and history speaks of competition between the different Orders.

After the fall of Acre in May 1291 the headquarters of both Hospitaller and Templar’s were moved from Acre to Cyprus. The Teutonic Knights headquarters were moved from Acre to Venice.

These events speak of a Christian fraction between the core protectors of Christian faith.

Templars4.2.1    Order of Templar’s

Order of Templar’s was formed year 1118 by Hugues de Payens, who before king Baldouin of Jerusalem, swore to protect pilgrims in the holy land. As reward they were permitted to claim and protect the temple of Jerusalem “Templum Dominae” (today known as the “Dome on the Rock”). The name of the order was originally “The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon” but was later changed to the “Order of Templar’s”.


As it seems Hugues de Payen was of Moorish origin and of Islamic Royal descent. It may seem odd but in the Holy Land in those days, there were no direct conflict between Islam and Christianity. The growing Byzantine Empire was a multiethnic Empire where all religions lived beside each others. The city Cordoba, Spain, had become a centre of excellence, of knowledge, of science, of religious understanding and toleration and 'the' literary centre of Europe. Things happening here created intellectual waves all over the known world. The Templar’s made themselves the middle hand between Christian- and the Islamic World, which resulted in their quickly growing importance. However, both the Templar’s, the whole Moorish people and almost everything along with them became a threat to the Roman Catholic Church, which is understandable as almost everything was pointing at other directions than the dictated truths of the Roman Catholic Church.

Templum Dominae

It’s built on the rocks of the ancient temple of King Salomon from around 950 BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians in 586 BC. A second temple was built and later partly destroyed by the Roman emperor Titus around year 70. This second temple was restored to its present form between 687 and 691 by the Muslims. Being the holiest site in Judaism, the third holiest site in Islam, and by having special significance to Christianity, it is the most contested religious sites in the world.

The Rock

The rock today

The Templar’s were very skilled builders in secrecy. For example they carved a 350 meter secret escape tunnel below ground from the city port to their temple in Acre. This tunnel was discovered as late as 1994 and is open for public since 1999.

According to rumors, the Templar’s spent more time within the temple than protecting the pilgrims. Some even believe they found the ancient treasures of King Salomon under the temple, which initiated their richness. Someeven believe they found secrets that made them a threat to the Church of Rome. Like for example the preserved body of Jesus, proofs of a still existing bloodline of Jesus, information about Jesus and his love towards Maria Magdalene or else.

Europe’s first bankers

They soon became Europe’s first bankers were one could put money in, in for example London and take the money out (minus a fee) again in for example Jerusalem. This was of course necessary as pirates on travel routes were common. Even today, one of the mysteries surrounding the Templar’s is what happened to all of their treasuries. Some think it still is hidden somewhere and some think organizations like the Catholics, the Freemasons or others could have found it and use it still today.

The Templar’s power and influence by time became enormous. The Templar’s holdings were extensive both in Europe and the Middle East, including for a time the entire island of Cyprus.

Excommunicated by a manipulated(?) Pope

Something drastic was changed in the beginning of the 13th century, which still today is a mystery. Agents directed by King Filip IV of France with support from Pope Clement V on Friday the 13th, year 1307 did a shock strike against the Order. This event is likely to be the origin of superstition regarding the number thirteen and Friday the thirteenth.

France’s Philip IV seizes the property of the French part of the Order. The rich but decadent Order had become the king’s creditor as well as the pope’s and had made itself virtually a state within the state. Philip then launched a propaganda campaign to stir the people against the knights.

Church and the state crisis in Rome

Parallel to the course against the Templar’s, Pope Clement V, moved the Papacy from Rome to Avignon, France, because of the increased rivality with the Roman Emperor. A political battle between Roman Church and State had grown after the Jubilee Year 1300, were around 2 million pilgrims visited Rome. Well, the root of the conflict seem to have started 100 years earlier with Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, who was excommunicated twice and were called the antichrist by Pope Gregory IX.

However, Clement V moved to France in 1305 and officially announced the new seat of the Papacy in 1309. This was the beginning of the so called “Babylonian Captivity”, which lasted about 70 years.

Most interesting year in history to color modern time

The year 1309 is possible the most important year in history to color our present times. At the same period as the Papacy is moved to Avignon the three Orders of Knights are involved in interesting movements.

  • Trial of Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Templar’s begins.
  • The Knights Hospitalier moves it’s headquarter from Cyprus to Rhodes.
  • The Teutonic Order moves it’s headquarter from Venice to Prussia.

18 years before this (1291) these three Orders had their headquarters localized beside each other in Acre and were the main protectors of the Holy Land. But from 1291 and by the peak in 1309, one can follow their separation as far ahead as to World war II (and maybe even to present day), were the Hospitalliers and the Templars afterlife goes hand in hand on the Allied side and the Teutonic Order’s afterlife on the Third Reich’s side. However, France steps up her attack on the Knights Templar with an appeal for cover all parts of Europe. Pope Clement V is obliged to cooperate, and torture is used to force confessions that will result in the abolishment of the Order in 1312.

In March, 1313, Jacques de Molay (The Master of the Order), with three other high dignitaries of the order, underwent a last interrogatory in Paris before a new commission of cardinals, prelates, and theologians, authorized to pronounce sentence. He was condemned to imprisonment for life, proudly denying the crimes with which the Temple had been charged. Philip the Fair sent him to die at the stake were he continued unflinching until the last breath. His last words were a curse upon King Philip and Pope Clement V to meet eternal justice within the year. Pope Clement V died only one month later and Philip IV after seven months.

It is the Catholic Church's position that the persecution was unjust, that there was nothing wrong with the Templar’s, and that the Pope at the time was manipulated into suppressing them. In 2001, Dr. Barbara Frale found the Chinon Parchment in the Secret Vatican Archives, a document that shows that Pope Clement V secretly pardoned the Knights Templar in 1314.

Order of Christ

Surviving parts of the Templar’s officially (with the support from the Pope in Avignon) founded the “Order of Christ” in Tomar, Portugal, were they got "Sovereign" status over surrounding territories and “any future conquests”, by King Duarte I. The famous Prince “Henry the Navigator”, who also was Grand Master of the Order, worked on his obsession to push back the frontiers of the known world, and opened Europe to the Great Discoveries. He formed school of Navigation at Sagres which became as important during the Age of Discovery as Cape Canaveral was during the early years of space exploration. Even though the exact location of Henry's School of Navigation is not currently known (it is popularly believed to have been destroyed by an earthquake in 1755), in the past, it attracted the best scholars in Europe concerned with the nautical sciences. Christopher Columbus is one of the known figures who spent much time in the school. It may be good to know that Henry’s body was moved to be buried in the tombs of the famous Roslyn Chapel after his death. More about the importance of the Roslyn chapel and what secrets that possible may be hidden there later in this dossier


Surviving Templar’s around Europe is by many believed to have “gone underground” and initiated early forms of Protestantism. And in some cases it seem like this was done even before the “hit” against the Order in 1313. The secret order of Freemasonry unveil themselves officially, year 1717, 400 years after the Catholic “hit” against the Templar’s. There are many leads that speak of a relation between the Templar’s and the modern Freemasons, which I will mention later on in this dossier.

Hospitaliers4.2.2    Knights Hospitalier

The Knights Hospitalier (the Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land. By time they became militant to be able to protect pilgrims. They also became close neighbors and in a way also rivals with the Templar’s in the Holy Land. At the height of their power the Hospitaliers had at least seven strongholds, 140 estates and about 19 thousand manors. After the loss of Christian territory in the Holy Land, the Order moved to Rhodes, over which it was sovereign. Later they moved to Malta as a vassal state under the King of Sicily. The Order can be said to have come to an end following its ejection from Malta by Napoleon. However, the Sovereign Military Order of Malta is the main successor to this tradition.



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